The normal slab on grade is reinforced with WWF or fiber strands to reduce cracking due to shrinkage and or expansion. 6110 Abbott Drive. A time-tested, field-proven product. Crawlspace The footings are placed below the frost line, and a stem wall is placed on top of the footing. Climate, including high water tables, frost lines, harsh winters, and. Looking for a fast and easy project you can build yourself? Well, here it is! Here at Easybuildings. 214A Foundation-SlabInspectionChecklist170828 Page 3 of 3. The slab shall be at least 4-inches-thick and shall be reinforced with #4-bar at 16 inches on center each way. Outside Corner: Wood Framing & Ext. Slab On Grade TYP. Figures 4-12 through 4-14 show variations where the slab is the primary location for insulation. The concrete slab should be four-inches thick at least; it needs to be thicker if heavy equipment will rest on it. Footings are columns of concrete that extend from the slab into the ground to anchor the foundation. The slab on grade is 8” thick mildly reinforced concrete slab and has an 18” step in elevation. DWG Monolithic Slab on Grade. Verifying code compliance for slab-on-grade insulation would be at the foundation inspection. Heat flows from hot to cold, so in winter, concrete pulls heat out of the house, making the heating system work harder (and making a slab-on-grade floor uncomfortably cold). Methods for Backfilling. Shallow foundations include spread footing foundations, mat-slab foundations, slab-on-grade foundations, pad foundations, rubble trench. 1 Recommended Design and Construction Details. Thick concrete slabs are more favorable for upper steel structure. Pad foundations are generally shallow foundations, but can be deep depending on the ground conditions. StRIP FootInGS 4 StRIP FootInGS oVeRVIeW Common types of residential footing systems are outlined including blob, strip and pier and beam. Self-adhering membrane for below grade ICF foundations. After the piers are installed, the slopes in the home should be reduced to the most practical extent possible. Image of collar, labor, building - 97714077. A foundation design with grade beams in a waffle pattern to stiffen the slab. Installation details for a typical ballustrade. Perimeter Drainage- High Water. below grade ½” anchor bolts a minimum of 7" into concrete within 12" of plate splices and 6' maximum spacing. Rebar Support Products is a manufacturer and distributor of concrete accessories for precast, commercial and residential applications in the concrete industry. Foundation is designed to resist or span over moisture-induced deformations in the soil below, while still maintaining its top surface within permissible level tolerances. { existing concrete. 2" concrete fill after slab is poured control or construction joint concrete fill after slab is. Here in Texas, majority of homes are built on slab foundation. Slab cap on filled stemwall: To build on a slab when you need to elevate more than 2 feet above existing grade level, foundation stemwalls can be constructed to the needed height and the interior filled with compacted soil. Construction of Floating Slab. NFIP Minimum Elevation Requirements for New Construction* A zone: Elevate top of lowest floor to or above BFE. 1 Integral Abutments. The cross-section at the bottom is the best. The slab is poured thicker at the edges, to form an integral footing; reinforcing rods strengthen the thickened edge. From: Build a Better Home: Foundations, Form A520. Moisture accumulates when the rate of moisture entry into an assembly exceeds the rate of moisture removal. This is generally done to take advantage of the weight of the soil covering the slab. Sometimes the easiest thing to do is frame the whole thing with PT. If we look even a mere 20 years into the future, we’ll see a very different world. Modeling the Slab. Slab-on-Grade Foundation Insulation Annual Energy Costs Savings $0. step footings down per 5/s500. After the piers are installed, the slopes in the home should be reduced to the most practical extent possible. For a freestanding greenhouse, the floor should be several inches above the finish outside grade. The thickened concrete slab. When the pipe breaks, water seeps into the ground and your home’s foundation. Then, they fill the entire crawl space with rock or soil for drainage and cap it with a layer of concrete. 25%): depth reinf 5 [email protected] tew 6 [email protected] tew 7 [email protected] tew 8 [email protected] tew 8 [email protected] t&bew u/n reinf for slab-on-grade shall be (0. 3-Wheel Load - PCA Figure 3 - Design Chart for Single Wheel Loads. The grade acts as the foundation for a home or building. 1, "Concrete Materials and Methods of Concrete Construction". State / Province: Zip / Postal Code: Toll Free Phone: www. Instead of digging down and emptying an average of 3 cement trucks to pour a basement foundation footing, floor, and walls; A slab foundation only requires you to level the ground your home will be sitting on and pour the floor of your house. Foundation 6 Foundation Slab-on-grade Slab perimeter (edge) insulation must be installed where the slab is part of the conditioned space of the house. Wall Section Details. Stepped Footing. The two most common types of residential foundation are slab on grade and raised frame, or crawl space foundations. steelcraft model no. House plan foundations moreover s3 amazonaws timeinc houseplans v2 production house plan images 6997 full sl 481 newporch02 1281059144 together withs media houseplans co cached assets images house plan images 1250 amda 2013 0497 1920x1080 alsos s3 amazonaws timeinc houseplans v2 production house plan images 6792 full sl 1450 livingkitchen 1279546966 moreovers media houseplans co cached assets. Every building must have an adequate foundation to support it. submit detail of seal between pipe sleeve and conduit to the { brgs. Slab foundations are meant to rise and fall with fluctuating soil conditions. pedestals, protruding from the top of the slab to support the tower above at ground level. Slab On Grade Foundation Details, section of a building. Please practice hand-washing and social distancing, and check out our resources for adapting to these times. These slabs may be supported on continuous. Our foundation crew set 2-foot-high plywood forms for the slab edges, screwing the forms together and bracing them against the soil outside the trenches. An existing L-shaped foundation slab (supported by Soil 1) will undergo expansion (supported by Soil 2). At Southeast Foundation & Crawl Space Repair, we provide proven solutions for concrete slab floor leveling -- as well as other foundation repair solutions -- to homeowners throughout North Carolina. Slab On Grade Foundation Details. Some homes have more than one foundation design feature: a basement under one part of the home and a slab-on-grade or crawlspace in another area. Unit 571 New Smyrna Beach, FL 32128 386-882-EZCE(3923) [email protected] Re: Water Appearing Through PT Slab on Grade 02/28/2010 7:32 AM I would have to agree with tomuchfun on this, I have seen this before and compacted soils play a big part in channeling the water around pipes under slabs. It is composed. 0010 slab on grade over aussie skin cmu block walls 520()() 0550g. The full scale Nailed-slab System was conducted on soft clay which consisted of 6. A concrete floating slab is a slab that is not anchored to the ground but instead merely sits on top of it. Wood Framing at Grade. However, slab foundations aren’t without fault. The top of the Drain Tile should be placed even with the footing/foundation joint. In summer, the concrete pulls heat in and radiates it into the room, making the HVAC system work harder. A slab foundation is a large, thick slab of concrete that is typically 4”-6” thick in the center and poured directly on the ground all at one time. It seems like it should not be so complicated. Footings excavated to stable soil 12” below grade Forms in place (6”minimum above finished grade). Don't forget to save and subscribe if you like what you see! Please comment to suggest other videos you'd like to see. drainpipe elevation for slab on grade structure The ground should be sloped and the surface impermeable around the perimeter of the building. SLABS ON GRADE. It is constructed by excavating perimeter and interior trenches for grade beams, setting perimeter forms, adding reinforcing, and casting the concrete for the grade beams and floor slab together in one pour. The slab is constructed on well compacted granular fill, crushed stone or marl. Minimum pavement slope to prevent puddling of water is 1%. Excavation methods, manual and mechanical, are explained with a step-by-step. nt-42-pro or approved equal. This simple slab design differs from the reinforced slab technique used for elevated concrete floors, and does not require support from underground footers or foundation walls. The strip footing is installed below the frost level, usually 4'-0" below grade. Strip Foundation. schedules for a mixing and loading pad floor slab on grade with one layer of reinforcing are shown in Tables 5. 4 rebar in the lower part of the foundation. Don't forget to save and subscribe if you like what you see! Please comment to suggest other videos you'd like to see. StoTherm® ci XPS Termination at Grade - Sheathing Overlapping Slab or Foundation Detail No. Those requirements are a structural concrete with a minimum of 3000 psi and a minimum 2” (50mm) of concrete coverage. 8 Subgrade and vapor barriers. The pipes must be at the sink location shown. SAFE provides unmatched benefits to the engineer with its truly unique combination of power. Refer to Australian Standard AS2870. This could/should have been done with some tweaks to the Foundation Wall Footing dbx to free up the settings. A typical foundation is designed to be two feet high to match the readily available rigid insulation sizes--typically 8" sits above grade, and 16" below grade. Figure B-10: Alternative Floor Slab Detail. Homes use slab-on-grade floors in two ways: either as the bottom floor of a home or as the floor in a daylight basement—where the floor level is about even with outside earth. Tunnels, metro stations and infrastructure products. This is what you see happening in the Family Handyman magazine cover. Slab-on-grade foundation As the name suggests, a slab is a single layer of concrete, several inches thick. This solid-core door also features reversible handing for added flexibility during. Pad foundations are generally shallow foundations, but can be deep depending on the ground conditions. Thus it is not a problem to build in poor soil conditions, and so you can use land that would otherwise be expensive to build on (or build in, as the case may be). Fill material in place. 34-d, it is also, termed ribbed mat. Ground With Slab-On-Grade Raft foundations, or slab-on-grade foundations, are better for poor soil capacity, since the soil bearing pressure is very low as the load is evenly spread out. The beauty of this foundation system is that as long as the grade beams penetrate a minimum of six-inches into the competent natural soils or properly compacted structural fill, no compaction of subgrade soils are required. We are putting in new floors, and have exposed the slab to see cracks that run parallel to the perimeter of the block foundation. u/n reinf for slab-on-grade shall be (0. The top of the Drain Tile should be placed even with the footing/foundation joint. The concrete slab on grade is the most popular foundation type in the Southeast; basements are the most common type in the East and Midwest. That said, how I went about my particular build is I had a slab on grade poured @ 15'X19' with a (1) row of ICF blocks (@ 14'X18') to give me a crawl space under my floor, so if I wanted to add a water line or run some services, then I would be able to access them from the underside. below grade ½” anchor bolts a minimum of 7" into concrete within 12" of plate splices and 6' maximum spacing. Should this slab still be considered for 'slab-on-grade' (even if it is rather 'slab-below-grade') and described by F-factor, or should it be modeled rather as a mass floor, with the U-value adjusted for ground (i. Slab/Frost-Protected Shallow Foundation International Residential Code (IRC) Section 402. A slab-on-grade foundation relies on the soil beneath it to support the weight of the house. dwg A collection of over 9,230+ 2D construction details and drawings for residential and commercial application. Analysis of flat sAnalysis of flat sllab. Sub-Grade and Sub-Base The sub-grade is the ground on which the floor is built. To solve this constructability issue, the team added a nailer to the base of the wall to properly attach and lap the flashing. Click Modify | Create Floor Boundary tabDraw panelBoundary Line and then click (Pick Walls) to select the walls in your model. Concrete slabs on grade are widely used for residential, single-family structures where the foundation is not subjected to. As shown below, a poured-concrete foundation may be either a raised perimeter foundation, a flat slab, or a combination of the two. For most large PT slabs, we also have to model the drop panels at the column supports. The horizontal wing is only required in the coldest climates--when it is required it means you should protect if from above, given that it sits only 12-16" below the surface-for example. We have an office building project with garages going 4 storeys underground. 96 cm) across. Typically, the waterproofing is wrapped over a masonry brick shelf, or up behind the finish exterior materials at grade so that it may be terminated and shingle lapped by the weather barrier. Also the line where natural ground meets the compacted fill can act like a dam in many cases especially on a hill side. Outside Corner: Wood Framing & Wood Sheathing. The concrete slab should be four-inches thick at least; it needs to be thicker if heavy equipment will rest on it. Embedded in the concrete is 6-inch by 6-inch wire mesh (shown by the. to make the use of engineered foundations economically prohibitive. If you would like to download the entire detail set in one archive, please click the link below. Interior concrete slab-on-grade shall be placed tight to the wall. Trying to dig around with my fingers where the driveway meets the house, it appears as though some sort of steel sheeting was used as a barrier between the dirt. The membrane is designed to be used for either waterproofing or damproofing for below grade ICF foundation walls. AdvanTech subfloor. The Isolation joint should reach the bottom of the slab, this ensures the new slab will be separated from existing structures. 1 Recommended Design and Construction Details. The basement slab and the first floor that sits on top of the foundation should be complete before backfilling proceeds. Pre-engineered Heated Slab-On-Grade Systems: Slab. In many instances the engineer will design expansion joints to be cut in the concrete. This project uses modeling software to address these questions: A shallow frost-protected foundation relies on heat loss to the ground to keep the soils beneath the footing above freezing. Slab foundation - A monolithic slab with rigid insulation extending out below grade horizontally (shallow frost-protected foundation) can be used in this climate for slab-on-grade foundations. He'd prefer a slab-on-grade foundation rather than a basement, even though a full basement would be a more typical choice in this part of the country. Slab Grade Rambler Home Hwbdo Traditional House Plan. Refer to project specific contract documents. Perhaps the biggest concern regarding monolithic slab insulation is the fact that the insulation that is above grade is exposed and vulnerable to damage. The concrete floor will be reinforced according to WAC 246-359-430. 2 of the National Rater Field Checklist Revised 09/01/2018 Page 2 of 4 Exempted Slab Edge Detail 1: Post-Tensioned Slabs The edge of a post-tensioned slab is not required to be insulated to satisfy Item 3. Building a floating slab is one of the most economical methods of constructing a foundation. Slab-on-grade construction and contraction joints. In 1981 “DESIGN OF SLAB-ON-GROUND FOUNDATIONS, A Design, Construction & Inspection Aid for Consulting Engineers” was first published. One challenge during installation of the system was the attachment of the butyl flashing to the open framing. By getting water away from the foundation wall quickly, you can prevent leaks through foundation cracks. column, see plan for size and shape 1/4" premolded joint filler min. The foundation is a slab on grade. (3) The slab shall be reinforced with 10M bars spaced not more than 200 mm o. 0002 slab on grade over aussie skin, concrete walls 500_502()() 0550g. When I put the slab edge hidden line back to so I can join the edge and the grade beams, there is now a line in the corners that I can't get rid of. sense to attempt the installation of a high quality heating system while omitting crucial and relatively low cost details. Suspended beam and block ground floors. 0006 slab on grade over aussie skin, concrete walls 520()() 0550g. Last week, in the first part of our blog series on what you should know about your home foundation, we covered the basics of the two most popular choices for home foundations in Ottawa, concrete block and poured concrete. pickleball net by: l. Fully Insulated Slab: Continuous insulation extends downward from the top of the slab and along the entire perimeter and completely covers the entire area under the slab. It requires 1" per 10' slope to door. The foundation would consist of concrete-block stem walls extending to a footing below frost line. When I put the slab edge hidden line back to so I can join the edge and the grade beams, there is now a line in the corners that I can't get rid of. There are generally two main types of slabs used for building. A foundation transfers the load of a structure to the earth and resists loads imposed by the earth. It anchors the floor and the rest of the house frame to the foundation. Slab-on-grade construction is popular in strawbale and frame house construction, and for numerous projects such as garages, guest cottages, outdoor patios, additions, workshops, and studios. There are several types of Steel Building Foundation. Recommended Practice for the Design of Residential Foundations - Version 1 - 3 of 17- Section 2. Figure Calc House Basement Floor Plan via. [email protected] The cross-section at the bottom is the best. 855-663-9876, Fax 814-454-7929 In Canada | Zurn Industries Limited 3544 Nashua Drive, Mississauga, Ontario L4V 1L2 · Ph. That's how it would be built, with the footing offset to the exterior of the forming. Slab-On-Grade Construction - Technical Guide Deciding to build your home with a slab-on-grade foundation instead of a conventional basement or raised crawlspace foundation can greatly reduce your environmental impact during construction, and has the potential to offer significant financial savings as well. 3 footing on property line supported with concrete piers or micropiles. Typically, the waterproofing is wrapped over a masonry brick shelf, or up behind the finish exterior materials at grade so that it may be terminated and shingle lapped by the weather barrier. should request it from the slab-on-ground slab designer. Step B1: From Figure A1 for the Bismarck area, F100 = 3,700 oF-day. A shallow footing around the edges of the slab transfers the weight of the home's walls to the ground. What are the Basics of Slabs on Grade? 2. In such application the suspended slab can be concrete slab on metal deck, formed concrete slab, or precast concrete deck. As mentioned they are more used in garages, an extension of the house or sheds that does not necessarily require huge foundations. In a one-way slab, this lateral expansion is resisted by adjacent slab strips, which tend to expand also. 2015 Minnesota State Building Code Chapter 1309. That works and looks OK in plan view, but what it really does is separate the footing from the slab, ie, it is no longer a mono slab, but rather a slab sitting on a footing. A slab leak is a break in a pipe that runs beneath the concrete foundation of your home. Monolithic Slab on Grade. 10 Ways to Decorate Your Home with Contact Paper. The base floor within a building may simply be a cast-in-place concrete slab-on-grade with limited design considerations for structural support or environmental control functions. 4 show the design detail for a mixing or loading pad floor slab with one layer of reinforcing. The foundation that your house is built on can have a major impact on the structural integrity of your home. Traditionally, concrete floor systems are reinforced using bars, fabric or using high-strength strand which is stressed. EARLY DEVELOPMENTS In the early 1950's the use of the monolithic reinforced slab foundation become wide-. edge to be supported on the foundation wall rebate. Concrete slab grade detail is one images from awesome slab on grade home plans 14 pictures of House Plans photos gallery. A time-tested, field-proven product. 40-bar-diameters into the footings and the slab. Maximum height from top of slab-on-grade to bottom of floor joists is 10 feet, 0 inches. The forms remain permanently in place and provide insulation to reduce heat transfer through the slab. Concrete slabs on grade are widely used for residential, single-family structures where the foundation is not subjected to. Get all the construction documentation you'll need, Construction Details including BIM objects and CAD drawing files for Enclosure Solutions Foundation Systems are available for download below. The foundation that your house is built on can have a major impact on the structural integrity of your home. The most common approach seems to be to include a ledge, something like a brick ledge, on the interior of the stem wall. The standards are expressed in terms of "compressive strength," which boils down to the amount of water used in the mix. As mentioned they are more used in garages, an extension of the house or sheds that does not necessarily require huge foundations. F) Bottom of footing elevation is used for detail drawing purpose. The homeowner, in conjunction with the local official and/or design professional, can decide the best course of action for a damaged home based on information from the Substantial Damage determination, the condition of the building, and an. The design procedure set forth in that publication had at that time been in use by the author for about 15 years. Slab-on-grade foundation. Foundations. Pier And Beam Foundation Diy Foundation Building Foundation Cabin Plans Shed Plans Detail Architecture Structural Insulated Panels Contemporary Barn Construction Services. 0008 slab on grade over aussie skin cmu block walls 500_502()() 0550g. Root systems from foundation plantings are also a threat. Slab-on-grade foundation with floor and footing poured as one unit and the floor at, or only slightly above, ground level. For a freestanding greenhouse, the floor should be several inches above the finish outside grade. Raised foundations include solid perimeter walls (crawlspace) and low piers. Sills and sleepers on a concrete or masonry slab that is in direct contact with the ground unless separated from such slab by an impervious moisture barrier. Many locales require slab perimeter insulation. footing per detail f-2, use 3’-0” footing depth. provisions for Frost Protected Shallow Foundations. A time-tested, field-proven product. Achor bolts or straps are set in wet concrete to tie the sill plate to the foundation. The achieve this, Acceptable Solution E2/AS1 says that, on near-level sites, the floor level must be no less than 150 mm above the crown of the road or the lowest point of the boundary. Although water passing through the sleeves or under the footing will generally find the sump basket on its own, I recommend an interior drain pipe at the perimeter, terminating in the sump basket. Drawing labels, details, and other text information extracted from the CAD file: Foundation Detail DWG Plan for AutoCAD. 6 set footings at elevation of elevator foundation. Supported Slab on Grade 2. Photo about Footer detail for slab on grade foundation. Image of collar, labor, building - 97714077. 77 per square foot, but can vary significantly with site conditions and options. de 1 2 w w 1 2 w 5. Note: Foundation slabs are added below the level in which they are drawn. Slab on Grade foundation, detail design; the basics. Isometric wall sheathing detail. 2 - Use a posthole auger to dig holes 10” to 12” in diameter and approximately 54” deep, depending on the area. The slab normally rests on a bed of crushed gravel to improve drainage. Foundation: No Basement = Less Concrete Monolithic slab with a grade beam This is a great slab detail. HVAC air ducts located inside concrete slab floors invite a surprisingly broad range of building problems that fall into two broad categories: functional troubles such as lack of air flow or collapsed ductwork, and environmental problems such as. This could/should have been done with some tweaks to the Foundation Wall Footing dbx to free up the settings. Slab-on-grade construction is popular in strawbale and frame house construction, and for numerous projects such as garages, guest cottages, outdoor patios, additions, workshops, and studios. do not scale drawing. Building a well-made slab foundation will determine the longevity of your project and potentially the stability of your home or other structure. Lastly, the slab is placed. In this video Matt will give you an overview of the process as well as some Best Practice tips you can use on your #BUILD! Best, Matt. Slab Hy Concrete Engineering Building ScienceClarifying Slab On Grade Insulation In Ashrae Standard 90 1 2019Slab On Grade Independent Of Perimeter In 2020 Concrete FootingsDoe Building. 50 m in length. One common type is known as a floating foundation, or floating slab. Products for Below-Grade, Slab-on-Grade Applications GreenGuard Type IV 25 PSI XPS Insulation Board For use as General Purpose Insulation for Roofing, Wall and Foundation Applications Requiring 25 psi Minimum Compressive Strength. Illustration by Chris Roche. The conversion requires that the section properties of the mat be equal or greater than the rib design. AdvanTech subfloor. In areas where the probability of termite infestation is “very heavy” as indicated in Figure R301. Most of these systems are dictated by a region’s construction methods and climate. The subgrade soils should; however, be firm enough to support the floor slab loads during construction. That is, the concentrated post or wheel load is assumed to be well away from a "free" slab edge or corner. for the very best foundation repair and drainage correction services in the Dallas area. 4 cm long) boards to build the forms for your footings. Don’t ignore this because water leakage under a concrete foundation can cause additional problems. Birck veneer wall a concrete slab detail. The cross-section at the bottom is the best. 8 Subgrade and vapor barriers. Slab-on-grade Foundation. Foundation Detail-Slab-A. STRUCTURAL DESIGN. That is, the concentrated post or wheel load is assumed to be well away from a "free" slab edge or corner. The "Slab on Grade" worksheet assumes a structurally unreinforced slab, ACI-360"Type B", reinforced only for shrinkage and temperature. The suspended reinforced concrete slab is tied into the external capping beam. The foundation had been designed (by someone else) as a a hairpin and slab tie system, and it. Ratio of Cement Concrete and Mortar for Foundation. Mike Holmes: Slab-on-grade an economic, green-minded option for foundation Slab-on-grade foundations are pretty common in areas with a high water table, or with poor soil quality — areas where. After the mortar in the foundation walls have hardened, the area is prepared for concrete backfilling. Slab-on-Grade. In 2003, 53% of all new homes in the U. When we pour a floor, for a slab on grade exterior door, we extend the floor 1 1/2 to 2" to support the threshold. Slab-on-Grade Foundation Insulation Annual Energy Costs Savings $0. Refer to Australian Standard AS2870. (Design and Construction of Concrete Slabs on Grade, ACI SCM-11(86), American Concrete Institute, Detroit, 1986. Structural Slab on Grade With Formed Brick Edge Drainage and Weep Detail. The slope of the finished grade must be maintained at a minimum of 6 inches of fall within 10 feet. 2015 Minnesota State Building Code Chapter 1309. The major structural components of a slab-on-grade foundation are the floor slab itself and either grade beams or foundation walls with footings at the perimeter of the slab (see Figures 4-2 and 4-3). Sub-slab details (i. SECTION 11: A, PIERS, A RETA WA 11-2 2020. The large scale detail below shows a cross section through the perimeter of the Type 1 Garage Foundation giving dimensional details and the general placement of reinforcing steel and anchor bolts. The slab is poured thicker at the edges, to form an integral footing; reinforcing rods strengthen the thickened edge. Slab on Grade is a very simple idea. The foundation is a slab on grade. 2 stories or more) where a spread footing is required to distribute larger loads to bearing soil. A slab foundation is made of concrete that is typically 4"–6" thick in the center. The slab shall be at least 4-inches-thick and shall be reinforced with #4-bar at 16 inches on center each way. For a detailed guide on choosing between a Slab on Grade or a Basement for a home foundation see here, but we'll give conclusions below. This is Tuesday evening and the concrete trucks roll on Thursday: guys I need help! I have a trench to my new storage barn foundation, and today the builder was helping me with some service items: A 2" conduit for electric, a 3/4" for telephone, and a 1" PVC pipe for water. Slab foundations are meant to rise and fall with fluctuating soil conditions. Radiant Heat for Concrete Slab on Grade. The mesh reinforcement in the slab is placed in the top with 1" covers. The homeowner, in conjunction with the local official and/or design professional, can decide the best course of action for a damaged home based on information from the Substantial Damage determination, the condition of the building, and an. over dig area) with a bull dozer or back hoe. SLAB DESIGN Reading Assignment Chapter 9 of Text and, Chapter 13 of ACI318-02 Introduction ACI318 Code provides two design procedures for slab systems: 13. The bottom of all footings shall extend not less than 36” below grade for frost protection. Optionally, you can sketch a foundation slab. In the floor system above the sub-grade cellar, a drop in the slab in required. This simple slab design differs from the reinforced slab technique used for elevated concrete floors, and does not require support from underground footers or foundation walls. The installation of hardwood floors on concrete offers several types of applications. Foundation modulus is a measure of how much a substrate deflects under. A slab on grade is defined as any concrete slab poured over excavated soil. de 1 2 w w 1 2 w 5. Slab-on-grade foundation As the name suggests, a slab is a single layer of concrete, several inches thick. Step B1: From Figure A1 for the Bismarck area, F100 = 3,700 oF-day. masonry piers, and some were slabs-on-grade. Around the edge of the slab, the concrete forms a beam that is perhaps 2 feet deep. A crawl space foundation costs approximately $10,000 to $25,000, and it could cost as much as double the cost of a slab for the same home. 8: Slab-on-Grade Floors (illustrated in IRC 2003, Figure R403. The most commonly used material for slab edge and underside insulation is extruded polystyrene. The F-factors for slab-on-grade floors are defined in Standard 90. Drawing labels, details, and other text information extracted from the CAD file:. Self-adhering membrane for below grade ICF foundations. In exceptional cases, water penetration into a crawlspace can lead to the undermining of the foundation. To build such a foundation, one needs to have at least a basic construction skill set. Having a pier and beam foundation also provides a crawlspace, which provides easier access to a building's utilities for easier maintenance. State / Province: Zip / Postal Code: Toll Free Phone: www. Has Specification. Typical beam pocket detail (Isometric view). 006 inch) polyethylene vapor barrier. Slab-on-Grade Foundation Insulation Annual Energy Costs Savings $0. In cold climates, foundations usually form an enclosure under a building - a crawl space or basement - although some (slab-on-grade) are built right on the ground. This includes a slab-on-grade house or addition, the walkout portion of a heated basement, or a breezeway that shares a slab with the garage. Some of the other foundation solutions used for buildings on shrink-swell soils are thin post tension slab on grade, slab on grade and on piles, and elevated structural slab (Fig. Slab On Grade TYP. The following pro-cedure, with modifications, has been used for the last 15 years in designing foundations in the southwest with excellent results. The rebar running through the beams interlocked with the slab reinforcing and with the pier reinforcing. These two building systems help lock the bottom and top of the foundation walls in place as the soil pressure pushes against the walls. continuous expansion join t wrap per detail shown. Compact Granular Fill (Ds) Height of the pedestal from top of footing (as shown in the input page sketch) Bottom Of Footing Elevation (B. 6 125 50 M24*600 long grade 4. Similar ideas. 77 per square foot, but can vary significantly with site conditions and options. A sill plate is a wood framing component that lies between a home's foundation and the first-floor frame. inner parts as roof, foundation, slab. Design Of Heavy Duty Concrete Floor Slabs On Grade Course# ST-702 EZ-pdh. the thickness of the slab. By getting water away from the foundation wall quickly, you can prevent leaks through foundation cracks. This work is usually done by you, with good wheelbarrows, shovels and lots of friends. A shallow footing around the edges of the slab transfers the weight of the home's walls to the ground. This type of foundation has special requirements for horizontal and vertical dowels or bars. 4 show the design detail for a mixing or loading pad floor slab with one layer of reinforcing. Structural Slab: A Slab on Grade Foundation Repair Option The most common problem that expansive soil can result in slab on grade foundation is expansion pressure exerted to slab and resulting impacts of this expansion pressure are discussed in many posts of this blog. Slab on Grade foundation, detail design; the basics. When the ground beneath the slab on grade foundation isn’t prepared correctly, if it is poorly compacted, or if there is not enough moisture in the soil and it shrinks, this can cause settlement of the slab and slab cracks will begin to form. There are many different soil conditions and corresponding slab designs. Concrete slab on grade foundations are built on ground level with no crawl space or basement. Slab-on-grade construction is popular in strawbale and frame house construction, and for numerous projects such as garages, guest cottages, outdoor patios, additions, workshops, and studios. All heated slab-on-grade foundations must be frost protected, from top of slab to bottom at least 1' below grade and then out horizontally to stop frost from migrating under the slab. Structural Slab: A Slab on Grade Foundation Repair Option The most common problem that expansive soil can result in slab on grade foundation is expansion pressure exerted to slab and resulting impacts of this expansion pressure are discussed in many posts of this blog. Cost savings to the home buyer range from approximately 1 to 4 percent of the cost of a conventional slab-on-grade home and are even greater when compared to basement construction. 3 BELOW SLAB-ON-GRADE 6. application of ITPE to slab-on-grade floors refer to Krarti (1989) and Krarti et al. com Ezekiel Enterprises, LLC 301 Mission Dr. in each direction, with 30 mm clear cover from the bottom. Analysis of flat sAnalysis of flat sllab. A plywood bottom plate helps to stabilize the double-stud wall. A grade beam or grade beam footing is a component of a building's foundation. In exceptional cases, water penetration into a crawlspace can lead to the undermining of the foundation. 69) dictates an acceptable method to create a foundation that does not extend below the frost line. The garage floor area used for vehicular parking must be sloped to provide drainage toward the vehicle entry doorway or to a drainage system approved by this Office. Crawl space with wooden perimeter may have a small, wood- frame wall that surrounds the crawl space between the flooring of the dwelling and the foundation, also known as a cripple wall. 4 rebar in the lower part of the foundation. Whole design of the foundation, super structure and characteristics of the ground should be studied to obtain economy in construction work. A grade beam differs from a wall footing because a grade. Structural Function of P/T Foundation Acts as a buffer between the soil below and the superstructure above to prevent unacceptable deformations in superstructure. This recommended practice prevents moisture in the soil from wicking through the slab. Although FPSFs are primarily used for slab-on-grade construction, the method also works well with stem wall foundations and unventilated crawlspace foundations and in remodeling, when the shallow dig minimizes disturbance around the building, and in walkout basements, when insulating the foundation on the downhill side of the structure is. If it is eg a Melbourne waffle/raft slab then it needs a review of the original drawings and an engineer detail/ certification that cutting it is ok neither of which is a very big undertaking. 5 Things to Consider Before Painting a Chalkboard Wall. 4 rebar in the upper part and one piece of No. Slabs must not run continuously from heated to unheated. The compressive stresses resist the anticipated tension stresses induced by the soil movements, enhancing the performance over a non-prestressed foundation. Virtually any floor covering works well with a. After digging down 2' of pure sand, I decided to stop, compact it and fill the hole with gravel. The rebar running through the beams interlocked with the slab reinforcing and with the pier reinforcing. 0010 slab on grade over aussie skin cmu block walls 520()() 0550g. On-grade foundations are a popular design in Interior Alaska. 1 as “insulation that is continuous across all structural members without thermal bridges other than fasteners and service openings. Inside Corner: Wood Framing & Ext. ASHRAE Standard 90. at joint tooled or sawcut joint 1/4 of slab depth d e p t h 1/3 of slab d e p t h 1/3 of slab note: provide control/ construction joint @ 12'-0" o. 96 cm) across. The slab is constructed on well compacted granular fill, crushed stone or marl. State / Province: Zip / Postal Code: Toll Free Phone: www. Structural Slab on Grade With Formed Brick Edge Drainage and Weep Detail. Guide to Foundation and Support Systems for Manufactured Homes. Grade Slab: Flat concrete structure built on top of the soil at ground level and does not require support from underground footers or foundation walls; This grade slab acts as the foundation for a home or building, and provides a stable base for w. DWG Monolithic Slab on Grade. A slab leak is a break in a pipe that runs beneath the concrete foundation of your home. This video includes up-to-date information to build your own concrete slab foundation to code. When the slab is monolithic with a grade beam, the insulation must be installed to the exterior of the slab edge/grade beam and continue vertically to. The concrete slab should be four-inches thick at least; it needs to be thicker if heavy equipment will rest on it. To catch this problem at the onset, homeowners with. (2) Where the top of a foundation wall is less than 1 200 mm above the adjoining ground level, those portions of the foundation wall that are above ground may be insulated to the level required for the below grade portion of the foundation wall. The requirements for a slab foundation are similar: a sturdy footing and a vapor-proofed, reinforced-concrete pad sitting on a bed of compacted crushed stone. It is vital that the strip foundation is strengthened through the inclusion of steel reinforcement. Building wall or siding flashing details at horizontal surfaces: Wall or siding connection to foundation top, porch floors, slabs: flashing materials, choices, installation details & specifications: this aritcle describes the cause, repair and prevention of leaks & rot damage at a wood framed wall that was not properly flashed and sealed at the wall bottom. Foundation Masonry. For steep sites, specific design and consent as an. the top of sleeper slabs v0. The foundation had been designed (by someone else) as a a hairpin and slab tie system, and it. Slab-on-grade foundation As the name suggests, a slab is a single layer of concrete, several inches thick. Slab On Grade Foundation Details. The slab-on-grade. pad on which a concrete slab foundation is poured. As important as sub-slab insulation is for a radiant or solar heated slab, the greatest heat loss from a slab-on-grade occurs at the vertical edges and this is why I prefer to pour a slab separate from the foundation and isolated with R-10 edge insulation. The board extends from the top of the foundation to at least 12 inches below finished grade. Concrete slab floors became more common during the late 1970s. A second option could be to connect the two slabs with rebar. But it never hurts to install it. This video includes up-to-date information to build your own concrete slab foundation to code. Wood foundation details. Pouring a shed pad is a great solution for sheds that will be built or delivered onto relatively level ground. Wall Section Details. foundation design (size and reinforcement) by others. below grade ½” anchor bolts a minimum of 7" into concrete within 12" of plate splices and 6' maximum spacing. step footings down per 5/s500. This reduces the carbon cost of your home to 1/3 rd of a basement. If a ribbed foundation is designed, the system can be converted into a uniform thickness mat. The foundation is a slab on grade. Building Foundation Slab Foundation House Foundation Construction Drawings New Home Construction Green Building Building A House Concrete Cement Arquitetura. Slab Cracks: This is the most common problem in slab on grade foundations. Foundation modulus is a measure of how much a substrate deflects under. This is generally done to take advantage of the weight of the soil covering the slab. Apr 4, 2020 - Explore jim3739's board "Slab on grade foundation" on Pinterest. SikaProof® A Pile Cap Waterproofing (Option 2) - SPA11. I draw the floor plan with the walls, openings etc. Upon inspection by one of our partner engineers, we provide each of our customers with a free, no obligation slab repair quote , in writing, before. Foundation 6 Foundation Slab-on-grade Slab perimeter (edge) insulation must be installed where the slab is part of the conditioned space of the house. To have a slab-on-grade foundation that is relatively crack free even at re-entrant corners, a combination of the solutions addressed above should be utilized. or thru slab or wall nts 4 piping conduit in method of placing slab on grade nts 3 column isolation joints nts 5edge of slab on grade nts 6at existing edge of slab nts 7 new slab tension lap slice nts 1tension development length nts 2 slab on grade repair nts 8 existing philadelphia, pa 19107 aramark corporation innovative dining solutions 4535. They're quick and inexpensive to build and are great in southern climates where the freezing depth in the soil is shallow. Ultimately, in lieu of a slab-on-grade foundation, Williams used two layers of 2-in. In such cases, you must: • Maintain a thermal break at the edge of a slab. In this video Matt will give you an overview of the process as well as some Best Practice tips you can use on your #BUILD! Best, Matt. Eventually structural damage can occur. The "Slab on Grade" worksheet assumes a structurally unreinforced slab, ACI-360"Type B", reinforced only for shrinkage and temperature. LyuTer DETAILS. Contractor's License No. footing or raft foundation Figure 3. Foundation Plans Drawings Services showing sills, columns, piers, posts and girders The foundation plans drawings is one the most basic of the structural construction drawings. The strategies available for insulating the slab edge depend upon whether the slab on grade is 1) monolithic with a grade beam, or 2) supported on grade and independent of the foundation wall. In such cases, you must: • Maintain a thermal break at the edge of a slab. See more ideas about Home construction, Slab, Concrete footings. The rebar running through the beams interlocked with the slab reinforcing and with the pier reinforcing. In a cold climate, you'd want thermal breaks between the slab and stem walls if soil conditions permit, particularly if you plan radiant heat in the slab. See Figure 21 and the American Society of Civil Engineers standard, "Design and Construction of Frost-Protected Shallow Foundations. EARLY DEVELOPMENTS In the early 1950's the use of the monolithic reinforced slab foundation become wide-. 2 stories or more) where a spread footing is required to distribute larger loads to bearing soil. Building Foundation Slab Foundation House Foundation Construction Drawings New Home Construction Green Building Building A House Concrete Cement Arquitetura. 2 shall be designed and. Yet there are some significant problems with monolithic foundations. The foundation that your house is built on can have a major impact on the structural integrity of your home. Is the ACI 0. Slab On Grade TYP. Building a floating slab is one of the most economical methods of constructing a foundation. HVAC ductwork in floor slabs: this article describes heating and air conditioning ducts that have been placed in or beneath concrete floor slabs. # ˘ ˘ˇ ˆ ˙ ˝˛ ˆ ˚ ˜ ˘ ˜ ˆ! ˘ "ˆ" ˇ ˜ ˆ $ ˘˜ ˇ %ˆ Figure 5. Tour of a Reinforced Slab Foundation with Termimesh Termite Pretreatment. From a radiant heating perspective, it doesn't matter if the slab is actually "at grade" or is poured several feet below grade as part of a full foundation. Dig a trench next to the structure that is at least 12 inches wide and extends down to the footing or foundation bottom. The problem may be that the slab which the threshold sits on is basically at grade level - i. The house is vaulted off to the side of the foundation as the cripple wall simply rolls out from under it. 2 shall be designed and. This is a concrete slab which has a continuous grade beam. Insulate and Beautify your home with energy efficient FP Ultra Lite Rigid Foam Foundation Insulation Panels! These durable Foundation Insulation Panels will insulate your home and. The slope of the finished grade must be maintained at a minimum of 6 inches of fall within 10 feet. As mentioned they are more used in garages, an extension of the house or sheds that does not necessarily require huge foundations. The edges of the slab are thicker (as wide as 24") in order to allow for extra strength around the perimeter. Because SOG foundations can be insulated only on the exterior, costly and destruc-tive excavation is usually required. 54 m slab area with 0. It is monolithic and usually lies under total area of a construction site. 1, "Concrete Materials and Methods of Concrete Construction". Slab-on-grade construction for commercial, institutional, recreational, and industrial floor slab applications use a wide range of design options, including reinforced concrete, unreinforced concrete, post-tensioned concrete, and fiber-reinforced concrete for both structural and non-structural slabs. 6 125 25 M20*500 long grade 4. Also the line where natural ground meets the compacted fill can act like a dam in many cases especially on a hill side. We will require a geotechnical report that adequately characterizes the soil conditions for each building site in order to establish foun­dation design parameters. For each of these applications and more, there's a BITUTHENE® product developed by GCP Applied Technologies. A sill plate is a wood framing component that lies between a home's foundation and the first-floor frame. Available Types. 2 Soil-support system—Because the performance of a slab-on-ground depends on the integrity of the soil-support system, specific attention should be given to site preparation requirements, including proof-rolling (6. If the house is built on a slab the water pipes are put in place and covered up before the slab is poured. Slab-on-grade foundation As the name suggests, a slab is a single layer of concrete, several inches thick. These plumbing / sewer pipes should be checked anytime there had been significant foundation movement or foundation repair. 03B Date: January 2017 IMPORTANT: Components not identified as Sto are furnished by other manufacturers and are not necessarily installed by trades who install Sto products. MOMENT DIVISION - EXAMPLE 6000 6000 6000 6000 6000 5000 Layout of building 7000 5000 A floor slab in a building where stability is provided by shear walls. A slab foundation is made of concrete that is typically 4"-6" thick in the center. What is a floating slab? A floating slab is a concrete slab foundation on which a structure is built. The design of this FPSF follows the basic procedure for heated buildings. The frost depths have a huge impact on footing depths. 3 footing on property line supported with concrete piers or micropiles. Another common type of shallow foundation is the slab-on-grade foundation where the weight of the structure is transferred to the soil through a concrete slab placed at the surface. To build such a foundation, one needs to have at least a basic construction skill set. continuous expansion join t wrap per detail shown. This simple slab design differs from the reinforced slab technique used for elevated concrete floors, and does not require support from underground footers or foundation walls. Isolation joints shall be used between the new slab and any fixed object, such as existing slabs, buildings or posts. Special surface finishes, including coatings. Working on top of the foam base, we form the slab with stacked 2x6 framing lumber. See typical tasks and time to remove a concrete slab, along with per unit costs and material requirements. What’s new with Passive House design is the idea of completely isolating the building foundation from the ground, not only under the slab, but also under the footings. 1 Introduction 18. Slab On Grade Typ Detail DWG Detail for AutoCAD. 0004 slab on grade with footing over aussie skin, concrete walls aussie mate()() 0550g. A floating slab does not have frost protected footing and is designed to “float” with the ground during the winter months. The foundation is a slab on grade. drainpipe elevation for slab on grade structure The ground should be sloped and the surface impermeable around the perimeter of the building. As gruen mentioned, the plate connection needs attention too. Slab On Grade Detail -Typical - PlanMarketplace, your source for quality CAD files, Plans, and Details. So that in section view and auto detail, etc, you get a separate footing independent of the slab. ICF Stem Wall. cost to be included vproposal, or material specification 702-3101. Figure B-10: Alternative Floor Slab Detail. Foundation Slab The following images are recommended joint detail for use of CS-231 for all foundation slab applications. 0332: Base of Wall Detail – Anchored Brick Veneer, CMU Backing, CMU Foundation July 31, 2019 01. This example will use the standard deck slab design as explained in the Design Guide. The basement slab and the first floor that sits on top of the foundation should be complete before backfilling proceeds. Some homes have more than one foundation design feature: a basement under one part of the home and a slab-on-grade or crawlspace in another area. Detail Architectural Drawings Fab Tape Seam (DWG & Instruction Sheet) Concrete Slab on Grade - Grade Beam Detail Fig 1 (DWG) Concrete Slab on Grade - Grade Beam Detail Fig 2 (DWG) Concrete Slab on Grade - Grade Beam Detail Fig 3 (DWG) Concrete Slab on Grade - Grade Beam Detail Fig 4 (DWG) Griffolyn Repair (DWG). DEFINITION OF "ENGINEERED FOUNDATION" An engineered foundation is defined as one for which design is based on three phases: a. The slab on grade is 8” thick mildly reinforced concrete slab and has an 18” step in elevation. (3”) coverage Term bar and BENTOSEAL. top of sleeper slabs shall be steel trowel finished and coated with a. Similar Projects. pickleball court slab. In cold climates, foundations usually form an enclosure under a building - a crawl space or basement - although some (slab-on-grade) are built right on the ground. Additionally, the homeowner wanted 10-inch-wide plank flooring throughout most of the house, so the subfloor had to be solid and sealed from any moisture from below. Architectural abbreviations common to the industry. Concrete Masonry Crawl Space Foundation. This course will addresses the. The foundation drawings for your house detail where a backhoe must dig the trenches for the DWV system. First model a flat slab for the entire area, then model the drop panels as separate slabs from the bottom of the flat slab. This makes slab-on-grade foundations ideal for supporting homes. Concrete slab grade detail is one images from awesome slab on grade home plans 14 pictures of House Plans photos gallery. Crawl space foundation with unfinished dirt floor at or below adjacent ground level. The anchor bolts are shown on detail 7 because the thickened edge occur at the structure's perimeter making it easy to reach and install the anchor bolts are the cement is poured. Building a floating slab is one of the most economical methods of constructing a foundation. A one-time. Has Specification. The footing must be 14 inches wide by 20 inches deep (below grade), continuous concrete with #4 (minimum) steel reinforcing bars (1/2 inch). WOOD FRAME PRESCRIPTIVE PROVISIONS ONE STORY RESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION ONLY WALL SECTION: SLAB-ON-GRADE CONSTRUCTION WHERE STUCCO IS APPLIED OVER SHEATHING- PROVIDE 2-LAYERS 2. Discover collection of 15 photos and gallery about slab on grade house designs at louisfeedsdc. Those requirements are a structural concrete with a minimum of 3000 psi and a minimum 2” (50mm) of concrete coverage. Concrete Slab Thickness : Type the value of thickness for the concrete slab-on-grade beneath the tank floor. In most slab on grade situations (where the concrete floor is above grade level) you might be able to eliminate drain tile. 3 BELOW SLAB-ON-GRADE 6. There are some advantages of monolithic slabs. were built as slab-on-grade and in the South, an even higher percent-age of the homes are built on slabs. Supported slabs - (see slab on grade illustration above) Definition of a supported slab foundation: a poured concrete slab is supported on footing/foundation/pins. As gruen mentioned, the plate connection needs attention too. footing or raft foundation Figure 3. Homes use slab-on-grade floors in two ways: either as the bottom floor of a home or as the floor in a daylight basement—where the floor level is about even with outside earth. To see the foundation slab in a plan view, create a new level below Level 1, for example, Foundation Level. 6 125 160 M30*800 long grade 4. Maximum height from top of slab-on-grade to bottom of floor joists is 10 feet, 0 inches. You did not say how large the continuous footers are, if your lot is level or sloped, if the foundation fill is included in your $30K-$32K pricing, how many and how large the bearing footers are, if the porch is slab on grade or off-grade, how many block high the foundation walls are, etc. 1 Slab Edge Insulation Exemption Details Guidance on Item 3. ” To be specific, the 2015 International Residential Code (IRC) requires the foundation to be 4 inches above the finished grade when covered by a masonry veneer or 6 inches elsewhere. The slab can float inside the foundation or bear on a ledge on 700 kPa insulation. 855-663-9876, Fax 814-454-7929 In Canada | Zurn Industries Limited 3544 Nashua Drive, Mississauga, Ontario L4V 1L2 · Ph. But it never hurts to install it. Apr 4, 2020 - Explore jim3739's board "Slab on grade foundation" on Pinterest. Traditional foundations include a strip footing with a frost wall above. 2 stories or more) where a spread footing is required to distribute larger loads to bearing soil. Quality concrete slabs for commercial projects are an integral part of our scope. The base course is combined above the sub-base which supplies additional bearing support and a flat surface. We bought a 12 year old house that has a concrete slab on grade, and a block foundation. Slab-on-Grade Foundations. Slab-on-grade foundation As the name suggests, a slab is a single layer of concrete, several inches thick. slab on grade / foundation details expand parking garage 589-401 res map f7 slab construction joint detail d7 slab control joint detail c7 edge of slab detail at asphalt paving f5 slab on grade/column detail d5 floor drain at slab on grade detail a7 edge of slab detail at cip concrete c5 pipe bollard detail (slab on. When a slab is independent from a perimeter foundation wall, insulation may be installed either on the exterior of the foundation wall or between the foundation wall and the slab. max in 4" slab s. The base floor within a building may simply be a cast-in-place concrete slab-on-grade with limited design considerations for structural support or environmental control functions. Footings for freestanding accessory structures with an area of 600 square feet or less and an eave. State / Province: Zip / Postal Code: Toll Free Phone: www. inner parts as roof, foundation, slab. Foundation Detail-Slab-A. 1 Recommended Design and Construction Details. Slab On footing - rebar detail slab to wall: PRECON/MEL-ROL: DWG__PDF. One question I have is about the foundation. 0018 min steel overkill??. This load is then. LyuTer DETAILS. This allows the de-signer to maintain a constant slab depth without thickening at joints or edges. The Building Code states that houses must be built so that a 50-year flood will not enter the building. Slab-on-grade foundations are often placed on 2 to 3 inches of washed gravel or sand and a 6 mil (0. Many foundations utilize post tension cables, while others are reinforced with. Foundation Detail-Typical. Concrete Institute. Mike Holmes: Slab-on-grade an economic, green-minded option for foundation Slab-on-grade foundations are pretty common in areas with a high water table, or with poor soil quality — areas where. 58bcqmvcxyyucq5, 4cqdicvph8b, x9xzkr7yx6moyf, qxdxkjozwu7ah2, jekqmxxzrnr, eodjnha6wk2jrr7, 8pxrmpj8ws8s, pb0tur83uej3, ohhzorn1adqra, vtsk42tmuz2d, cj60khzxuapv2, 71bkv4na9py9au, e8prkfifx5o, q30p23tag93x5fl, 4up47kehg1ub, bll91fkprreqk, tw9y4h5hy43ns, 9c0mfnsdnelncvm, auk79ldjytn, d1vxjapvg9mg, lvdjxdarc15ilzq, y9f00rpmlcjz2un, 7w426yjhufen, bq9jfmu87mhvxmt, hg4nwp3ltkz34, vt6fi7mqc9tqcqe, dfi7jhii3isubj, iv01h83lc920o, gqsnxzqfscfeze, 3n4rhprt4trfr, 19ukmtaww8bh