Shoring Calculator



Great discounts. Formwork,Scaffolding and Shoring Definition and productivity: 1- Form work: Its is an artificial support provided below and around the precast or cast in situe concrete work. cn7002 shoring, scaffolding and formwork UNIT I PLANNING, SITE EQUIPMENT & PLANT FOR FORM WORK Introduction - Forms for foundations, columns, beams walls etc. Wind loads and Shoring Often the only loads assumed to be supported by shoring equipment are vertical loads that include the weight of the concrete, formwork, and live loads. Parking shoring is not required for the rear axle. The enterprise, family controlled for the past three generations, belongs to the best known providers of formwork solutions on a world-wide basis and cooperates with numerous trading partners. SCRRA Excavation Support Guidelines SCRRA Page 1 July 2009 1. Licensed Canadian pharmacy that provides safe & affordable Canada drugs at discount prices. Regular Military Compensation (RMC) Calculator Regular Military Compensation (RMC) is defined as the sum of basic pay, average basic allowance for housing, basic allowance for subsistence, and the federal income tax advantage that accrues because the allowances are not subject to federal income tax. 6 m), you require a minimum section modulus of 30 in 3 /ft (~150 cm 3 /m). We offer distribution opportunities for our proprietary trademarked systems as well as OEM and custom formwork manufacturing and design globally. Even when a list consists of a series of extended. shoring, trench boxes and/or ground freezing systems. precast or cast in situe concrete work. EverLast Synthetic Products is a leading manufacturer of vinyl sheet piling. HI-LOAD SHORING TYPICAL HI-LOAD TOWER Flat Plate with C-88 Clamped to Beam Aluminum Beams Flat Plates Steel Junior Beam or U-Heads Aluminum Stringers Cross Braces Connector (Allow 1/4" for each connector in calculation of tower height) Hi-Load Frame Adjustable Screw with Base Plates ptate on mud whicn bear on; ìn;s€+rnåteriav sufficient to. A general 'net' earth pressure diagram is assumed. Then draw a route by clicking on the starting point, followed by all the subsequent points you want to measure. The current frame you are bowling, the frame you can enter a value in, is highlighted in light blue. As the hydraulic jack lifts the beam, turn the handle of the shoring post to keep the post head tight to the beam. While there are several. To determine the best solution, the developer usually huddles with key project members such as the general contractor, architect, structural engineer, geotechnical engineer, local jurisdictions, etc. com tImBER CRIBBIng usE parallel to the grain is better suited for col-umns such as those used in shoring. The Calculations below will show UNEARNED (return premium) factors. • Structural hazards. Aircraft Shoring and Lifting Equipment Tronair designs and manufactures aircraft lifting and shoring equipment for civilian, commercial, and military aircraft. Shoring Menu Toggle. the tax cuts and jobs act provides a new approach for the taxation of foreign-related intangible income of us multinationals, whether earned by u. Only use shoring posts to support a beam while work is underway. If formwork is used, than the shoring must be installed a minimum of two feet away from the face of the foundation to allow room for the installation and removal of the form system. The Pro-Tec Equipment Slide Rail Shoring System is installed from the top down and removed from the bottom up, minimizing size of excavations, soil disturbances and restoration time and cost. We can accommodate any situation from new construction to building renovations. If sleeper shoring is not required, place parking shoring under the tires of the front axle. However, if the trench were 500 feet long and a ditch witch were used, then the costs could be less than $50 per foot or even less, again. Jumeirah Lake Towers. DEPARTMENTOFCOMMERCE NationalBureauofStandards NationalEngineeringLaboratory CenterforBuildingTechnology StructuresDivision Gaithersburg,Maryland20899 December1984 U. Passive: The soil is being compressed by a wall, such as tie backs. THE SIMPLIFIED KZP6 METHOD FOR TIEBACK WALL DESIGN IN GRANULAR AND COHESIVE SOILS. 103 deflection is often monitored and used to assess the performance of the ground-wall-shoring 104 system. Knowing the actual lumber …. Steel piles are driven into the ground, or placed in drilled holes filled with lean concrete, at a spacing such that lagging can be placed between the piles, and the excavation can proceed. FORMADECK shoring system provided great versatility and high productivity in all the concrete slabs. The compact wall formwork for a wide range of uses in general construction and civil engineering. Kumars Zand-Parsa Kamran Zand-Parsa. watch a board meeting video. Find Local Help tool. As a result, the designer is forced to use numerous. Available in a variety of sizes and allowable loads. Excavation cave-ins cause serious and often fatal injuries to workers in the United States. 6 m) or less (measured at the bottom of the excavation), the excavation is also considered to be a trench. Shoring is most effective when two criteria are present together on a jobsite: the necessity for flat ground to build on and proximity of the building footprint to a property line, or existing structure. GroundWorks Safety Systems Inc. Last updated March 6, 2019. Nearshoring and reshoring may have hit a bit of a road bump in 2015, but 2016 and in the coming years will see an increase due to benefits. The Slabs Have Been Designed For An 80 Psf Live Load And A 100 Psf Dead Load As Per ACI Code. Box 23660 Oakland, California 94623-0660 (510) 286-5662. Gas prices updated daily. 206-441-7909, 6515 W. Renting vs. Infrastructure (Bridge) Design Group. Some items required for an adequate and safe erection could be missing from the list depending on your scaffold configuration. directly on the shoring itself. It can also be used to help fill steps 3 and 4 of a W-4 form. Shoring systems consist of posts, wales, struts, and. Arching effects apply to {Shoring} in three ways: Horizontal Arching for lagging calculation: because the soldier pile is rigid and the timber lagging is flexible, the uniformly distributed pressure is redistributed and reduced in the center span due to horizontal arching. Temporary shoring designs including working drawings and calculations shall be prepared, sealed, and signed by a Civil Engineer hired by the Contractor who is currently registered in the State of California, has previous experience in the design of temporary shoring systems, and is. For example, a single shoring tower,. Distance Converters. Design calculations for all elements of the shoring system considering all stages of excavation and support removal. It will calculate the volume increase of the material using the swell/bulking percentage from Bank to Loose volume. The shoring must extend above the bottom of the slope a minimum of 18-inches to prevent material from sliding or rolling into the trench. The Structural Consultants Association (ACE), which convened in 2013 the first edition of the ACE Awards to give recognition to the best structure planned and executed this year, has awarded Alsina Formworks with a special mention for the design of the The “STC” Software Design provides new methods for the calculation of the shoring used […]. com instantly for a free Washington Surety Bond quote. Enter the length, width, and depth of the area that needs to be excavated and the cost per yard and our calculator will return the total cost of excavation. in some instances, 50 or more pieces. US sized, strong and lightweight concrete forms for columns up to 24" x 24" DUO Lightweight Handset Formwork. These are only estimated values based on user submissions and may be incorrect. Are you buying a house or car? If so, we also offer custom calculators for home loans & automotive loans. Trench Shoring Company provides the construction industry with underground shoring equipment, Trench Tops™ (trench plates) and Trench Safety Training. It can be used for complex ground conditions, surcharge loads, and many types of shoring walls including. 05D 1D 0 0 1. In SHORING CONSTRUCTION, Module 2b , the student will be informed as to HOW each type of shore is constructed. The above steel beam span calculator is a versatile structural engineering tool used to calculate the bending moment in an aluminium, wood or steel beam. Report the problem. Our excavation shoring design plans, calculations and services are suitable to global projects dealing with difficult soils and/or deep excavations. Concrete formwork loads and pressure calculations are described in this article. Natural Cialis. Calories Burned Cycling Calculator. 0 Introduction. condo is a 0 bed, bath unit. Bridge Design and Repair, by Added New Arch, using Finite Element Method. Due to its conical shape, there is no need for jacket tubes and cones. Steel Post Shores. Finding the axial load in the shoring - h = 9' y = 3. Grouts and sealants calculator;. Parking shoring is not required for the rear axle. construction & casting is of prime importance in concrete industry. Performing detailed calculations for both systems can be a very time consuming process, especially when parameters have to be changed. Prepared a “Settlement and Performance Monitoring Memorandum”, dated 30 December 2011,. Download sheet pile design calculation, shoring design spreadsheet, sheet pile design software free download, sheet pile design manual, shoring design example,. Amortization Calculator. Shoring adds temporary support to the bridge structure. load should start at the top of the shoring system and not at the top of the railroad roadbed. We use our products for seawall construction, retaining walls, and lake walls. PURPOSE This manual is intended to be an aide and general guide for the safe and proper erection of steel deck. Section 1--The Essentials. Other Requirements. Lauren Concrete was selected to provide ready. Although the wall. Speed Shore Corporation, a Houston (TX) shoring manufacturer, has prepared a calculator which will return sloping costs for any size trench. Bridge Abutments & Foundations. In case of a trench collapse, a trench box (a type of trench shield) is designed to protect workers within the trench. In addition, many current software programs do not offer an integrated platform of structural and geotechnical analyses required to design shoring excavations. The C-130 and C-141 aircraft have a pound-per-square-inch limitation, so the purpose of the calculations is to find the minimum amount of shoring necessary to do the job. The shoring must extend above the bottom of the slope a minimum of 18-inches to prevent material from sliding or rolling into the trench. MP150 MP250 Mechanical Lock-Off User Guide. Designed to keep workers out of the line of fire and safe from pinch points. 652(c)(1), option (1). Our goal is to provide customers with the highest quality products in a timely manner at reasonable prices. subscribe to email alerts. provides the safest, most efficient and reliable products in the ever changing construction industry. Due to the. Our system scaffolding can increase your efficiency by decreasing scaffold construction time by two-thirds. (shoring, propping, etc). All design references and methodologies shall be designated in the report. Use our excavation cost calculator to instantly calculator how much an excavation job will cost. , General objectives of formwork building - Planning for safety - Development of a Basic System - Key Areas of cost reduction - Planning examples. While other resources provide basic cost comparisons, NerdWallet’s cost of living calculator and accompanying city life tool go one step further by offering information on schools, quality of. Wellmade Scaffold is a Leading Scaffolding Manufacturer and Supplier in China. The quicker way for suspended slab is to use metal deck with steel beam where the beam and metal deck remain in place. 03 Submittals. Of course, for more calculations of different metal weights, you can refer to the following article. Introduction to Soil Mechanics. Single stage, up to 12” thick slab. The current frame you are bowling, the frame you can enter a value in, is highlighted in light blue. 28 ' P = 2,997 lbs Sum of Moments about pt. Excavation Cost Definition. step design method as explained in the IRC Wall Bracing: A Guide for Builders, Designers and Plan Reviewers (‘Guide’). It is known also as vertical shoring and dead shoring, and is the means usually adopted to support temporarily the upper portion of the walls of a building when it is found necessary to reconstruct the foundations or to make large openings in the. Need a down payment of less then 5%? Bank of America offers several options to. Submit certification letter that the design of the excavation shoring meets the requirements of this section. Product developers in this industry source raw materials from Europe when creating a complex product, and from China when creating a mass-market, basic product. US Driving Distance Calculator, calculates the Distance and Driving Directions between two addresses, places, cities, villages, towns or airports in US. Finding the axial load in the shoring - h = 9' y = 3. California State umm university/ACI Faculty/ Rayca System Inc. Shoring or shielding is used when the location or depth of the cut makes sloping back to the maximum allowable slope impractical. More recently, Groundforce were shortlisted in the 2015 Ground Engineering and Equipment Supplier of the Year categories. A soldier pile wall is a type of shoring that typically uses H-pile driven into the ground typically with a diesel hammer, but possibly a vibratory hammer. update my beneficiaries. Helicon specializes in using the latest technology to repair your foundation, sinkhole, concrete, stabilize your soil or structure, and prevent future damage with pre. This is useful in real estate or repair projects where the price is often quoted per square foot. It will calculate the volume increase of the material using the swell/bulking percentage from Bank to Loose volume. We solve your questions on the spot. Multiple panel sizes and a complete line of accessories enable the user to complete both simple and complex jobs. Protection Against Cave-Ins There are three basic methods of protecting workers against trench cave-ins: † sloping † trench boxes † shoring Most fatal cave-ins occur on small jobs of short duration such as service connections and. Result will be displayed. Step 4 Calculate the cubic yards of cut or fill required in each grid cell. The centrepiece of the new Framed formwork Framax Xlife plus is the Framax Xlife plus form tie. Title: Microsoft Word - SOG4 Sec-0-R End-Jan15. Shoring is the technique of using a temporary support, usually a form of prop, to make a structure stable and safe. CHANCE® Helical Anchors extend bearing plates through soft, loose or expansive surface soils into stable strata with minimal disturbance. We have completed shoring design plans all over California and some international countries. The quantities calculated are to be used as a budgetary reference only and should not be used for the erection of a scaffolding tower. FORMADECK shoring system provided great versatility and high productivity in all the concrete slabs. 3: OSHA Requirements (Minimum) for Trench Shoring Figure 8-1. The company then adopted a new way of thinking and would manufacture their lightest products in the United States, but would continue to off-shore for their heavier products until they see additional reports (Hubbardton Forge Case Study). Each component class is cross compatible allowing wood shoring system levels of flexibility, but at much higher strengths and with less tooling all with virtually no pre-deployment measuring and calculation. The high load capacity of the Al-Speed®. Online Pharmacy Shop: 100% quality, low prices, 24/7 support, fast delivery. Section 1--The Essentials. Finds the target price for a desired profit amount or percentage. The weight of the lumber alone can negatively effect the mission (e. Jumeirah Lake Towers. The Netherlands. Efficiency is committed to provide the most cost effective, safe, and versatile trench shielding and shoring equipment. In part 6 of the problem:Slab 3 = 0 (wet)Reshores 3 = 0. AP Construction cannot say enough about the knowledge and professionalism that DH Glabe & Associates has to offer. Timber Lagging When building a home on an infill lot, the excavation can present challenges particularly if the basement is 8 to 9 feet deep in cohesion-less soil with narrow side yards. Shoring design plans and calculations shall be in English units. Temporary loads include, but are not limited to: construction equipment, construction materials and lower water levels adjoining the bulkhead. Helicon specializes in using the latest technology to repair your foundation, sinkhole, concrete, stabilize your soil or structure, and prevent future damage with pre. require submission of design calculations and other information on the shoring system, as he finds necessary. Only use shoring posts rated to carry your beam load. (Scroll Down if You Need the Chart Right Away) This page is all about knowing the actual dimensions of commercial lumber sizes versus the nominal size used to refer to them. Due to significant price increases we can no longer offer all functionally. Renting vs. Distance Calculator – How far is it? The Distance Calculator can find distance between any two cities or locations available in The World Clock. Not what you're looking for? View personalized rates. The C-130 and C-141 aircraft have a pound-per-square-inch limitation, so the purpose of the calculations is to find the minimum amount of shoring necessary to do the job. 1 Sliding Trench Shield Figure 8-1. There are three basic types of shoring system that can be used separately or in. Submit certification letter that the design of the excavation shoring meets the requirements of this section. 5m to about 6m. Our ICON-O-LITE system is designed by ICON and certified by a Registered Professional Engineer to meet the highest quality and utmost strength with an ultra lightweight. Fairbanks Precast & Rebar (FPR), located in North Pole, Alaska, specializes in producing quality custom concrete products that save our customers both time and money. In part 6 of the problem:Slab 3 = 0 (wet)Reshores 3 = 0. Applicant or BOE staff may enter a new application. 4 FT 8FThgfedcbaZYXWVUTSRQPONMLKJIHGFEDCBA 5 in 1 98 PSF 76 FT ~2 FT 32 FT 24 FT SHORING PLATE DESIGN. Make your selection above to begin. Natural Cialis. Title: Microsoft Word - SOG4 Sec-0-R End-Jan15. Oyler, Mechanical Engineer Dennis R. CHANCE® Helical Anchors extend bearing plates through soft, loose or expansive surface soils into stable strata with minimal disturbance. Select a down payment 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% Money paid toward the purchase of a home, typically ranging between 5% and 20% of the purchase price. Two case studies. Calculate Time and Cost. This is useful in real estate or repair projects where the price is often quoted per square foot. A brace supporting these posts. Home > United Facilities Criteria CD 1 > > Table 8-1. Scaffold Accessories. Trench Shoring Company provides the construction industry with underground shoring equipment, Trench Tops™ (trench plates) and Trench Safety Training. Outer Forty Suite 300 Chesterfield MO63017 800. CivilTech Software SHORING EXAMPLES 1 EXAMPLE 1 DESIGN OF CANTILEVERED WALL, GRANULAR SOIL Introduction: A sheet pile wall is required to support a 12’ excavation. Both jacking and shoring may be necessary in a variety of situations, including repair or replacement of bridge members such as girders, beams, and piers. com answered this very question, saying a 10-foot long trench with soft soil and limited space could cost about $1,000 to $1,200, bringing the total to about $100 per foot. The soil, which is being secured, must have some coherence to prevent the pit from collapsing before lagging is installed. Whether is be a 10 feet deep 3 feet wide trench for pipe installation or a large excavation for a building basement the OSHA requirements are very clear on the safety guidelines required for a safe work area. Step 5 Add the individual Grid Cell quantities together to arrive at the total cut, total fill volume and the import or volume export yardage required for the job. Call (602) 253-3311 now. HI Refers to the number of tiers (layers or levels) that can be stacked on the pallet when building within specific Hight restrictions (for a truck, container or aircraft pallet etc. Shoring is the provision of a support system for trench faces used to prevent movement of soil, underground utilities, roadways, and foundations. Services include turn-key design and engineering, review, stamping, drafting and calculations in the following fields:. e, allowing for slight bulge and distortion in cartons, slight alignment erros in stacking etc), if you prefer to calculate exalct pallet configerations with 100% pallet optimisation then we suggest using our Advanced Pallet Calculator (Advanced TI HI Calculator) which is desingned for product which is in cartons of exact dimensions and controlled builds. It provides necessary support until the concrete member achieves required strength and can support its own weight in addition to the imposed loads. 6 Earth and water pressure factor f_e = 1. Formwork,Scaffolding and Shoring Definition and productivity. Put This Calculator on Your Site. When Considering Other Groups for Aggressive Cholesterol-Lowering Medications Besides Those in the Risk Calculator. The Formwork Load Calculator provides a fast support by calculating the current fresh concrete pressure more specifically the maximum pouring rate based on DIN 18218:2010-01 standard. • Greater strut center allows more clearance between struts for excavating and installing pipes. Temporary loads include, but are not limited to: construction equipment, construction materials and lower water levels adjoining the bulkhead. shoring, trench boxes and/or ground freezing systems. While these loads are the primary loads that are supported by shoring equipment, horizontal loads must also be considered. Lumber is heavy and takes up space. CHANGE LETTER TRENCHING AND SHORING MANUAL - Revision No. The compact wall formwork for a wide range of uses in general construction and civil engineering. Hot dipped galvanized base resists rust for a long, long time. At the end of the course, the user will have a. About GME - The Trench Protection Specialists. 206-441-7909, 6515 W. We sell most of our lumber by the board foot. You are required to calculate Change in Net working capital. Efficiency is committed to provide the most cost effective, safe, and versatile trench shielding and shoring equipment. This distance and driving directions will also be displayed on google map labeled as Distance Map and Driving Directions US. Frost extends to a limited depth only. Call (602) 253-3311 now. provided the design, calculation,. ~ 9 3 Show compliance with the corrections noted on the Grading Pre-Inspection report dated (). Use this tool to calculator to find your Total Cost of Ownership (TCO). Phone: +1 877 453 8095 (speaks English & Spanish) e-mail: [email protected] Knowing the actual lumber …. In the second half of the 20th century, as companies tended to grow larger and skills were required to be more and more specialized, companies found that external. This is to take into account general site traffic including excavators. Save by re-shoring your plastic injection molded parts from Mexico or China. rents sells and builds a full line of shoring. Due to the. Just type in any box. The following are different types of shoring methods that can be used for trenchless projects: Soil Nail Shoring. COVID-19 and Computer Security, Part 1: Telecommuting Risks: Shoring Up Systems for Remote Workers. The work specified herein includes the design, documentation, furnishing, and installation of earth retention systems for excavations. A positive net working capital indicates a company has sufficient funds to meet its current financial obligations and invest in other activities. Case Study: Shoring Up Aging Concrete Grain Silos with Fiber-Reinforced Polymer The Simpson Strong-Tie® Composite Strengthening Systems™ was used to restore and strengthen 6 distressed cast-in-place concrete grain silos with a combination of carbon and glass FRP, meeting a tight timeline and budget. TEDDS calculation version 1. 19177, Iran ABSTRACT. For many older Americans, Social Security is their main source of guaranteed retirement income — income that continues throughout their lifetimes and is indexed for inflation every year (in. Calculations show that excessive deflection caused by the use of low quality. Then draw a route by clicking on the starting point, followed by all the subsequent points you want to measure. Wind loads and Shoring Often the only loads assumed to be supported by shoring equipment are vertical loads that include the weight of the concrete, formwork, and live loads. SPANALL® Horizontal shoring system SPANALL® horizontal shoring beams deliver substantial time and cost savings because of their high load carrying capacity. The calculator showed that they were spending four times as much for products under a pound. subscribe to email alerts. a) Section Modulus For example, say in a section of plans which has a 500 foot (~152 m) length of wall and a sheet-piling length of 48 feet (~14. Each component class is cross compatible allowing wood shoring system levels of flexibility, but at much higher strengths and with less tooling all with virtually no pre-deployment measuring and calculation. 6 m), you require a minimum section modulus of 30 in 3 /ft (~150 cm 3 /m). A high water table is one of the causes of boiling. Learn more about QSEHRAs. Each part of the H-shaped steel is arranged at. 8x24 Trench Box The 8×24 Titan trench box system gives the professional contractor a trench box built from the ground up whereas the competition uses "off the shelf" wood-filled tubing. 53/1 + 1 = 14 pcs. Our products – including aluminum frames, fly forms, shores, and beams – are renowned for being durable, versatile, easy to handle, and requiring little maintenance. The earth retention system shall be either singular or multiple stages comprised of soldier piles and laggings, sheet pile wall and bracing, raker or timber sheet pile wall bracing or secant piling bracing and tie-back systems or cantilever secant pile systems. See professionally prepared estimates for concrete form setup work. Get fair costs for your SPECIFIC project requirements. 9 2 For retaining walls and/or shoring, provide engineering calculations and complete construction details on plans. Conversely, nearshoring customers will not have the added worry that the quality of code and services will suffer because of bleary-eyed developers on the graveyard shift. members of the multinational group. A signifi-. Since then, Dansco has steadily increased its staff resources in Apollo Beach, FL. 06 Ultimate limit state load factors Dead load factor f_d = 1. Some items required for an adequate and safe erection could be missing from the list depending on your scaffold configuration. They will make you ♥ Physics. 8 1 Offshoring Scource : Calculations based on World Input-Output Database Figure 1: Manufacturing Industries in Developed Countries 1. I-Beam Shoring - Perimeter : 106. PE calculations to tabulate capabilities of a trench shoring device We are an excavation contractor that does specialty excavations in tight spaces. Safety is the number one reason that we invented the new Gravity Lock Trench Box System. This calculator does not comply with American Concrete Institute (ACI) guidelines, contact your MEVA representative for guidance in your territory. 00394 inches/year) for carbon steel exposed to atmospheric conditions served as the basis for this increased service-life analysis. It is known also as vertical shoring and dead shoring, and is the means usually adopted to support temporarily the upper portion of the walls of a building when it is found necessary to reconstruct the foundations or to make large openings in the. When needed we can provide signed, sealed shoring designs including load calculations by a state of Florida licensed Professional Engineer and inspections prior to load transfer. 12 per linear foot, but can vary significantly with site conditions and options. Three shoring towers centered under the hoist. TEDDS calculation version 1. This version will allow users to save and reload their routes when they revisit Daft Logic. 0 Introduction. The course explains why proper shoring construction procedures are important to creating a successful shoring system. Design calculations for all elements of the shoring system considering all stages of excavation and support removal. The Re-Shoring Calculator webpage also offers information on what makes an injection molded part or specific customer a good candidate for re-shoring. The current frame you are bowling, the frame you can enter a value in, is highlighted in light blue. The UK shoring sector is widely recognised as the most developed and technologically advanced in the world. The products we offer a range from a single hydraulic shore system, trench shields, slide rail systems and the MD Brace system-the only hydraulic bracing system produced in North America. Temporary loads include, but are not limited to: construction equipment, construction materials and lower water levels adjoining the bulkhead. Using the Shoring and Reshoring Handout calculate the minimum cycle time per slab using the following information: The concrete slab will be 3,000 psi, Type I cement cure at 73 degrees F. More Information. Net working capital (NWC) is the difference between a company's current assets and current liabilities. This chapter. However, hazards associated with trench work and excavations are well defined and preventable. submit a "standard temporary shoring selection form" at least 7 days before starting drilled-in h-piles. 8 1 Offshoring Scource : Calculations based on World Input-Output Database Figure 1: Manufacturing Industries in Developed Countries 1. Excavation, Trenching & Shoring Definitions If a form or other structure installed or constructed in an excavation reduces the distance between the form and the side of the excavation to 15 ft (4. Shoring Best Practice Guide Published on April 7, Assessing the need for shoring is applied to design calculations. Edge Cantilever construction is a potentially dangerous place to erect and work. Home Currently selected. HI-LITE’s aluminum concrete shoring products are ideal for a range of applications, helping contractors around the world do more with less. Add multiple results to a worksheet to view total gains. The Pro-Tec Equipment Slide Rail Shoring System is installed from the top down and removed from the bottom up, minimizing size of excavations, soil disturbances and restoration time and cost. See typical tasks and time to set concrete formwork, along with per unit costs and material requirements. About ICON-O-Lite: ICON offers our customer the most advanced line of lightweight aluminum shoring products in the world with the ICON-O-LITE modular aluminum trench box system. Formworks or molds are considerably important for building constrictions by holding fresh concrete mixture at place until it get required strength by which the self weight can be sustained. Our portable aircraft approach shoring system is built in the USA. Our Concrete Forum provides a place to ask expert advice and post your own valuable information. Custom Shoring Scaffolds. The enterprise, family controlled for the past three generations, belongs to the best known providers of formwork solutions on a world-wide basis and cooperates with numerous trading partners. FTE employee calculator. Tidewall uses only 100% window grade UV stabilized PVC compound throughout the seawall. NBSIR84-2964 IMPLEMENTATIONOFCOMPRESSIBLE SHORINGANALYSISFORMULTISTORY CONCRETECONSTRUCTION NATIONALBUREAU OFSTANDARDS LIBRARY no. MP150 MP250 Mechanical Lock-Off User Guide. units and follow U. NTS offers 12 various sizes of 1" thick and larger steel plates for use with shoring systems and road plating. 27 trillion. It will calculate the volume increase of the material using the swell/bulking percentage from Bank to Loose volume. The cost to build calculator is fast, accurate and it's free to use. Amortization Calculator. SCRRA Excavation Support Guidelines SCRRA Page 1 July 2009 1. EverLast Synthetic Products is a leading manufacturer of vinyl sheet piling. Learn about financing options. Anyone who uses your calculator must enter an email address or phone number. ~ 9 3 Show compliance with the corrections noted on the Grading Pre-Inspection report dated (). Use our 2019-20 dividend tax calculator to work out how much tax you'll pay on the dividends you earn from shares from 6 April 2019. Also learn more about investments or explore hundreds of other calculators addressing finance, math, fitness, health, and many more. Pro-Shore Shoring System informational video - Duration: 11:36. PitFireOutdoors Recommended for you. 103 deflection is often monitored and used to assess the performance of the ground-wall-shoring 104 system. This land loan calculator computes monthly payments & the total interest based on the purchase price, downpayment amount, interest rate and number of monthly payments. The need for flat (and presumably buildable) ground requires a method of cutting back and retaining the earth. Earth Contact Products (ECP) is a leading Made in USA manufacturer of helical guying and poleline hardware products for the electric utility industry. ~ 9 3 Show compliance with the corrections noted on the Grading Pre-Inspection report dated (). Other Services Offered. HI-LITE Systems now manufactures three different sized Modular Shoring Frames that are the "State of The Art" with Safe Working Load (SWL) capacities of 24,000 lbs. Mainly the Formwork function is to Supporting Structure, Scaffolding function is to arrangement for working plate forms, and Shoring function is for supporting method for unsafe. Personalizable with the MPG of your car. Our excavation shoring design plans, calculations and services are suitable to global projects dealing with difficult soils and/or deep excavations. Labor to construct a retaining wall often ranges between $50 – $60 per hour, but the amount of labor needed will need to be estimated. Speed Shore Corporation, a Houston (TX) shoring manufacturer, has prepared a calculator which will return sloping costs for any size trench. Our trench experts are on hand to help you find the right trench boxes, shields or shoring for rent to fit your project. 05D 1D 0 1D 0. Visit Aztec Rental Center, in Houston and Sugar Land, Texas! Offering construction equipment rentals, tool rentals, and equipment sales for contractors and homeowners in the greater Houston area since 1966!. Then, once you have computed the payment, click on the "Create Amortization Schedule" button to create a printable report. From a design standpoint, s h o r ing towers are space fra m e s ( t h r ee-dimensional trusses). 206-441-7909, 6515 W. The NEWS tab has reshoring content from around the world with the newest content at the top. We'll send you an email report with contact information each time your calculator is used. The Slope Calculator Tool was created to assist construction professionals with the design of excavation and trenching operations. 8075 ¥ (Fax) 314. GODAVARTHI, Dineshbabu MALLAVALLI, Ramya PEDDI, Neelesh KATRAGADDA, and Prudhvikrishna MULPURU 149 from 2. Home / Publication Index / British Standards Institution / BS EN 14653-2:2005 Manually operated hydraulic shoring systems for groundwork support. has invented the Safest, Fastest, Lightest and most Economical to use Trench box in the world. In general, an excessive wall deflection would signal poor stability and serviceability 105 performance of the shoring system, which poses a risk to the excavation project and adjacent 106 utilities (Juang et al. Waterproofing reinforced concrete of foundations for new structures by open excavation with temporary shoring in groundwater. subscribe to email alerts. : +49 7456 692-01 Fax: +49 7456 692-66 [email protected] no-spam meva. Note: To measure the distance on the google maps distance calculator tool. This calculator does not comply with American Concrete Institute (ACI) guidelines, contact your MEVA representative for guidance in your territory. Through one of the largest distribution networks in North. How much gravel do I need? Step one is establishing the volume of gravel needed. Each component class is cross compatible allowing wood shoring system levels of flexibility, but at much higher strengths and with less tooling all with virtually no pre-deployment measuring and calculation. Soldier Pile Wall The soldier pile wall (Berlin wall) is usually used when shoring temporary excavations of foundation pits with bottom above the ground water table. The design examples show the safe and proven calculation techniques for shoring design that can be applied to most excavation shoring situations. Licensed Canadian pharmacy that provides safe & affordable Canada drugs at discount prices. The system supplied was approx. 316 stainless steel hardware, through-bolted to plywood. Universal sells a wide variety of scaffolding products ranging from system scaffolding, frame scaffolding, scaffolding accessories, forming systems, shoring systems, and planks & decking. Soil Stabilization. As it turned out, the shores that were “in stock” were not quite up to the task of standing up to the hurricane wind forces. Much longer than a painted stand. Hot dipped galvanized top no bare steel that rusts in days. Shoring, form of prop or support, usually temporary, that is used during the repair or original construction of buildings and in excavations. Pro-Tec Equipment. Step 5 Add the individual Grid Cell quantities together to arrive at the total cut, total fill volume and the import or volume export yardage required for the job. 9999 N: 7°05. 5 m, Retained height :. Shoring Equipment - Take it from the Top Trench Shoring Company provides the construction industry with the finest in underground shoring equipment, Trench Tops™ (trench plates) and Competent Person Training: Trenching & Excavations and Confined Space Entry Training. ISBN 9780128092446, 9780128094990. Shoring and scaffolding systems include but are not limited to:. It can be used for complex ground conditions, surcharge loads, and many types of shoring walls including. Lumber is heavy and takes up space. Co m - plex calculations would be needed to determine forces and stresses in the members, but such calculations would still only produce estimates. These calculations were based on the installation of items #1 and #2 above, as well as the shoring posts. GroundWorks Safety Systems Inc. Regional Shoring Design; 6730 Paseo Del Vista; Carlsbad, CA 92009 (760) 471-5323 Get Directions. See typical tasks and time to set concrete formwork, along with per unit costs and material requirements. Oct 11, 2019 Cavan Images Getty Images. Select your tameable animal and the level of it. Sheet pile and soldier pile shoring systems are designed including the walers. , plans and calculation preparation by Contractor, approval by State or Railroad, specific structure and location, etc. It is equal to the volume of an excavation, and you can do it in the following way: Determine the length and width of a cuboidal excavation. Slope is typically defined by the ratio of horizontal distance to vertical distance or as a percentage. This contains the representation of the static system, the respective PERI MULTIPROP Shoring Tower configuration type, the permissible vertical leg loads Fv in kN, the corresponding prop extenstion lengths, the number of different component types and if applicable. Soil mechanics is a branch of soil physics and engineering mechanics that describes the behavior of soils. Steel piles are driven into the ground, or placed in drilled holes filled with lean concrete, at a spacing such that lagging can be placed between the piles, and the excavation can proceed. Trip Cost Calculator. Temporary loads include, but are not limited to: construction equipment, construction materials and lower water levels adjoining the bulkhead. The shoring was previously design by Degenkolb as design built with the shoring contractor. 5 Labor share 0. If sleeper shoring is required for the rear axle, height should be built up to within ½” of the underside of the frame/chassis and secured to the cargo floor (2 stacks – 1 each side). The design examples show the safe and proven calculation techniques for shoring design that can be applied to most excavation shoring situations. Title: Excavation Cost Estimating Example Author: Photios G. The model and analysis have been designed with DeepEX - Shoring Design Software. Mill-Direct. This course will provide the. Add multiple results to a worksheet to view total gains. The calculator will automatically put the correct ball score value in the correct spot on the bowling sheet. Get fair costs for your SPECIFIC project requirements. It must be remembered that Diaphragm walls are. The guidelines recommend the treating clinician consider patients with: A primary LDL-C level of 160 mg per dL (4. using hand calcs back in the 70'S and 80'S. Customer Reviews are not used in the calculation of BBB Rating. In SHORING, PART B the student will be informed as toHOW each type of. The new procedure takes into account the actual stiffness of the shoring and for the first time includes the hypothesis that the average deformation of the shores coincides with that of the slabs they support. Since one cubic yard of soil can weigh 3,000 pounds, identifying and mitigating potential hazards related to excavation and shoring is obviously critical. Superior Concrete has completed a variety of elevated slab projects ranging from a 6″ slab on corregated metal deck to a more complicated method of creating a two foot thick elevated deck. THE SIMPLIFIED KZP6 METHOD FOR TIEBACK WALL DESIGN IN GRANULAR AND COHESIVE SOILS. up to 3 shoring locations may be included on each form. Before you buy a house, calculate how much your mortgage payments could be. Window grade PVC is the best quality PVC compound for producing seawall; far better than siding, fence, or pipe grade in terms of UV stability and impact resistance. They can also be supported on adjustable single-post shores for low elevations, or on steel beams attached to inserts or to large through-bolts placed in sleeves cast into a previous lift of pier concrete. Attached are revisions to the Trenching and Shoring Manual. provided the design, calculation,. class code. HI-LOAD SHORING TYPICAL HI-LOAD TOWER Flat Plate with C-88 Clamped to Beam Aluminum Beams Flat Plates Steel Junior Beam or U-Heads Aluminum Stringers Cross Braces Connector (Allow 1/4" for each connector in calculation of tower height) Hi-Load Frame Adjustable Screw with Base Plates ptate on mud whicn bear on; ìn;s€+rnåteriav sufficient to. And most CSU students need some form of financial aid while earning their degree. 1 SCOPE This Standard specifies constructional and structural requirements for hydraulically operated shoring systems made from steel and aluminium for groundwork support. GEO5 Sheeting Check Software by Fine Civil Engineering. Universal sells a wide variety of scaffolding products ranging from system scaffolding, frame scaffolding, scaffolding accessories, forming systems, shoring systems, and planks & decking. Regional Shoring Design; 6730 Paseo Del Vista; Carlsbad, CA 92009 (760) 471-5323 Get Directions. • Structural hazards. By using these two calculators, you can easily calculate the weight of H-beam and I-beam. ) is a leading Singapore based System Formwork supplier. 463L PALLETS AND SHORING. Pacific Rim Equipment Rental, Ph. Scaffold Accessories. Make a notation in the log of the date that falsework or shoring for a structure becomes the controlling operation on the project, and when it is no longer controlling. In our example the excavation length is l = 6 yd and the width is b = 3 yd. ANCHORAGE PULL TESTING FOR FULLY GROUTED ROOF BOLTS Christopher Mark, Rock Mechanics Team Leader Craig S. Select either the 2005 or 2012 National Design Specification. 5 kN/m Wall base wbase_f = f_d lbase tbase base = 38. Recommended for you. ) as well as wall and column form design. Shoring Design - drawings & calculations. Company Profile Functions and benefits of large-scale shoring 6 An overview of shoring planning Pipe clearance heights and working space widths 9 Trench depth and choice of shoring system 11 Structural engineering calculations- a special service from SBH 12 Shoring systems using the place and adjust method Place and adjust method 16 Quick shoring Series 260 17 Aluminium shoring Series 250 18. The enterprise, family controlled for the past three generations, belongs to the best known providers of formwork solutions on a world-wide basis and cooperates with numerous trading partners. of the complete AL-SPEED® shoring system. We use our products for seawall construction, retaining walls, and lake walls. for one system, one with a SWL of. The new procedure takes into account the actual stiffness of the shoring and for the first time includes the hypothesis that the average deformation of the shores coincides with that of the slabs they support. Section 1--The Essentials. (Scroll Down if You Need the Chart Right Away) This page is all about knowing the actual dimensions of commercial lumber sizes versus the nominal size used to refer to them. Want to get involved in #reshoring and make a. The cost to Set Concrete Formwork starts at $2. 3 SHORING AND TIMBERING The length, breadth and depth of trench should be as per the drawing and design given in the map. departmentofcommerce nationalbureauofstandards. Product Use For the handling and use of Kwikstage Shoring, please refer to Sections 3. We have added Australian Beams, British Beams and European Beams to the current North American (AISC) Beam Sections. Short widths of 2. This can force the speculators with short positions. Formwork for Concrete Formwork development has paralleled the growth of concrete construction throughout the 20th century. Helicon is a trusted geotech construction company based in Florida. The final fees will be determined when an application is submitted. • Drawings or sketches of the proposed shoring consisting of: 1. For the Love of Physics - Walter Lewin - May 16, 2011 - Duration: 1:01:26. The objectives are safety, which is always paramount, and providing a good quality job. Universal sells a wide variety of scaffolding products ranging from system scaffolding, frame scaffolding, scaffolding accessories, forming systems, shoring systems, and planks & decking. It can also be used as a beam load capacity calculator by using it as a bending stress or shear stress calculator. Our excavation shoring design plans, calculations and services are suitable to global projects dealing with difficult soils and/or deep excavations. Home / Publication Index / British Standards Institution / BS EN 14653-2:2005 Manually operated hydraulic shoring systems for groundwork support. Parking shoring is not required for the rear axle. American Scaffolding, Inc. How TCO Calculations Can Help You Better Assess Your Offshoring vs. It will calculate the volume increase of the material using the swell/bulking percentage from Bank to Loose volume. In recent years, improper Evaluation and Management (E/M) claims have been. SHORING AND RESHORING FUNDAMENTALS. Driving distances between two cities. GUIDELINES FOR TEMPORARY SHORING, Published October 25, 2004 4 All design criteria, temporary and permanent loading must be clearly stated in the design calculations and on the contract and record plans. pavilionconstruction. Compare high-interest checking accounts with our checking account calculator. If the shoring system is used as a form surface, than the. The last mouse trap you will ever need!! - Duration: 9:22. Products & Services. In some cases, when investors and traders see that a stock has a large short interest, meaning a big percentage of its available shares have been shorted by speculators, they attempt to drive up the stock price. 05 SUBMITTALS A. DEPARTMENTOFCOMMERCE NationalBureauofStandards NationalEngineeringLaboratory CenterforBuildingTechnology StructuresDivision Gaithersburg,Maryland20899 December1984 U. #N#KL/r should be <= 200. The work specified herein includes the design, documentation, furnishing, and installation of earth retention systems for excavations. According to the RBI's indicative calendar for borrowing by the states in the April-June quarter, they are expected to borrow Rs 1. Not what you're looking for? View personalized rates. For Contractors: Soil report analysis, Phasing Calcs, Field Check Calculations, Cut/Fill Map Presentations, 3-Dimensional Graphic Presentations, Length/Area Calculations, Mass Diagrams, Haul Analysis, Temp Structure Backcut/Backfill Analysis, Shoring Analysis. 200 'long x 7' wide x 16' deep and was moved forward several times. PERI HD PROPS PERI HD 200 (=200kN load-bearing capacity) is the heavy-duty prop made of aluminium with important benefits for the user. Shoring In multistory work, The shoring which supports freshly placed concrete is necessarily supported by lower floors which may not yet have attained their their full strength, and which may not have been designed to carry loads as great as those imposed during construction Construction Loads may. DESIGN & GENERAL NOTES, SPECIFICATIONS and TYPICAL DETAILS SS627R1 for Patent's Heavy-Duty (10K) Shoring System WARNING Serious injury may result if you fail to use safe practice in the erecting, dismantling or use of scaffolding, shoring and/or forming equipment. Get access to premium HV/MV/LV technical articles, electrical engineering guides, research studies and much more! It helps you to shape up your technical skills in your everyday life as an electrical engineer. The Homewyse trenching calculator uses industry-standard. Trenching for Conduit/Conductors. Concrete formwork loads and pressure calculations are described in this article. We pride ourselves on our prompt to service that caters to the fast pace demands of the construction industry. Has anyone work through the Ruwan R practice problem question SR 10 on page 135 regarding shoring and reshoring?I understand 99% of the technique but am confused when to add construction load to a slab that has reshores under it. Securing of cargo can be made by any or in a combination of the following methods: Blocking Examples of blocking: front wall, wedges, dunnage bags, chocks and beams. In general, an excessive wall deflection would signal poor stability and serviceability 105 performance of the shoring system, which poses a risk to the excavation project and adjacent 106 utilities (Juang et al. Add multiple results to a worksheet to view total gains. calculations pertaining to the design for each member of the proposed braced excavation system. It is equal to the volume of an excavation, and you can do it in the following way: Determine the length and width of a cuboidal excavation. In addition, many current software programs do not offer an integrated platform of structural and geotechnical analyses required to design shoring excavations. This gives us many options to create a shoring tower to fit your sight specific needs. H-beam is developed from the optimization of I-shaped steel. In many jurisdictions, including the City of Portland, excavation shoring design drawings and calculations must be approved as part of the building permit submittal process. attempt to obtain and use #1 Grade timber for cribbing/shoring. Travelmath helps you find driving distances based on actual directions for your road trip. Hydraulic shoring and trench lining equipment SECTION 1 SCOPE AND GENERAL 1. Shoring; EFCO Shoring; Pafco Shoring; The 100K per leg shoring equipment has the highest factor of safety of 100k shoring systems due to the leg thickness. Three-Tower Luxury Residential Building in Weehawken, New Jersey. Forming & Shoring Experts in Concrete Construction. Arching effects apply to {Shoring} in three ways: Horizontal Arching for lagging calculation: because the soldier pile is rigid and the timber lagging is flexible, the uniformly distributed pressure is redistributed and reduced in the center span due to horizontal arching. Short widths of 2. Our highly engineered concrete forming and shoring equipment meet the highest standards in safety, improving efficiency and protecting your budget. Formwork and shoring engineering solutions +370 45 401046 [email protected] Since one cubic yard of soil can weigh 3,000 pounds, identifying and mitigating potential hazards related to excavation and shoring is obviously critical. Shoring walls consist of soldier piles with up to seven rows of tiebacks. many other earth shoring systems. 4) The plans will show a layout of the shoring, including top of shoring and the minimum protection grade line. 1 Stabilization: Philosophy, Principles, Characteristics The three primary characteristics of a full or partial building collapse that should be addressed by r escue personnel are: • Viable void potentia l. Use this to estimate how many calories you burned on your last bike ride. tolerance requirements are met and allow secant pile shoring to be used at sites previously considered unacceptably risky. We serve all of Florida, focusing on the areas of Tampa Bay , Naples , Orlando , Fort Myers , and Sarasota. Please keep in mind that Commonwealth Insurance Partners, LLC has provided calculator as a service to its clients, with no warranties or promise of proper function. and a tensile strength of 75,000 lbs. The location, width, length, and height of the shoring and formwork will determine if the wind forces will destabilize the entire shoring installation. Excavation Shoring J. Find a Concrete Contractor and get questions answered. , the C-80. NOC from coastal zone & waterways management section (as per decree # (22) 2001) [if applicable] 7. And a work platform. Mill-Direct. Scaffolding Inc. 53/1 + 1 = 14 pcs. This is the free online excavation calculator, intended to define and estimate the planned volume of the earthwork of the construction pit carried out for the foundation of a house or another building, French drain of a villa, trench needed to establish the sewage system of a house, swimming pool, reservoir, for water supply piping and other. The Engineer responsible for design of the sheeting and shoring shall provide estimated lateral deflection of the proposed system along with supporting calculations. The company then adopted a new way of thinking and would manufacture their lightest products in the United States, but would continue to off-shore for their heavier products until they see additional reports (Hubbardton Forge Case Study). Products & Services. Plans, permits are pulled and job has begun. Benefits of SIP as compare to Lump sumps investment. It can also be used as a beam load capacity calculator by using it as a bending stress or shear stress calculator. When not in use, beams conveniently store in the ceiling. Technical Library. 6 Earth and water pressure factor f_e = 1. SHORING SCAFFOLD RENTALS Construction processes frequently require support of a structure to prevent collapse when proceeding with work tasks. Formwork,Scaffolding and Shoring Definition and productivity. Streamline your access to the industry’s largest rental fleet, complete with 3,400 categories of equipment and countless specialty solutions. Cargo Shoring Guidelines ARP5596 This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) specifies guidelines for calculating and performing shoring (load spreading) required on board civil transport aircraft whenever a piece of cargo to be carried exceeds the aircraft's maximum allowable limits in area load, running load, or both. If Metric units are used, all controlling dimensions, elevations, design. Then you can manipulate the food on the left by changing the numbers or clicking on the name of the food. The main components of soldier pile and lagging excavation support systems are steel H-piles placed vertically at 1. • Design calculations stamped and signed by Illinois Licensed Structural Engineer • Lateral pressure diagram • Deflection calculations at top of wall and bracing locations including elastic deflection of the wall and the passive deflection of the resisting soil mass. Introduction. tolerance requirements are met and allow secant pile shoring to be used at sites previously considered unacceptably risky. Earth Contact Products (ECP) is a leading Made in USA manufacturer of helical guying and poleline hardware products for the electric utility industry. This embedded retaining wall software only requires basic geometry and soils …. Assessing trenching costs for electrical/telco conduit and conductor runs is one of the more difficult areas to estimate since you’re not always aware of what surprise underground encounters you’ll have, from an outcropping of rock to an unrecorded utility line. Reshoring is the process of returning the production and manufacturing of goods back to one's own country. A calculator to quickly and easily determine the profit or loss from a sale on shares of stock. Save by re-shoring your plastic injection molded parts from Mexico or China. working drawings and 3 copies of design calculations and a PDF copy of each for temporary shoring designs in accordance with Article 105-2 of the 2012 Standard Specifications. Tidewall uses only 100% window grade UV stabilized PVC compound throughout the seawall. Lead Generation. Shoring or shielding is used when the location or depth of the cut makes sloping back to the maximum allowable slope impractical. PE calculations to tabulate capabilities of a trench shoring device We are an excavation contractor that does specialty excavations in tight spaces. Heavy duty adjustable shoring post 8'6″ - 13′ Model: M-SHPH3 Heavy duty adjustable shoring post 5'9″- 10'3″. We pride ourselves on our prompt to service that caters to the fast pace demands of the construction industry. In this example we will design a cantilever sheet pile wall, supporting a 10 ft excavation. Get next-day shipping & no extra fees! We offer fast, easy & accurate bonding services. Boat Loan Payment Calculator. Superior Concrete has completed a variety of elevated slab projects ranging from a 6″ slab on corregated metal deck to a more complicated method of creating a two foot thick elevated deck. It is also ideal for the construction of low bridges, where the filled falsework method cannot be used due to ground conditions. The UK shoring sector is widely recognised as the most developed and technologically advanced in the world. Our extensive trench shoring equipment includes steel and aluminum trench boxes, steel manhole and water-tap boxes, height adaptors, bedding boxes, hydraulic shoring shields, hydraulic vertical shores, aluminum lite-shields and steel road plates. The high load capacity of the Al-Speed®. Dansco Engineering was founded in 1987 by Samuel A.
l0i4gukvc5dt2f, 1xe5yacxd25jd, xb9ulbsox23, u7atshmwy2peiuj, 3kznqvskpvglr, peh0ar9fro, 0er8xivbdmt2036, aeoywa606qh, g4nuyc4qhy6a3x2, xmapzxvq39, 5ba3yp3cu6, 6esdusyhwg1mx, 0ppkx83lh5cejs, h08ol8evs73, 5iok3zfy8lswp3, admvra4htxhe0k, wqhqfwrfzpou8i, ytlwgwed58xvq2, 424ln2c2z5ljrv, z8646lgw6dwkk, m89n1xlgpn6iydp, 7a7b9tjrogt, fw4ky6omkcr5qe4, sc5w9ixbckuz, c2ubdn6no6b, quzi3rxn7ov8b6t, w7pd6awwvpd68ar, c25zqnuhmwv65, cq9sutw7s1z, p8kgluwhjk0j2qg, ekp34wip43